Use of Acoustic waves, known as shock waves, is well-established technology that has been used in medicine for over 20 years to treat a variety of pathological conditions in the human body. (Shock waves are not electroconvulsive therapy or "shock treatment" that has been used in the brain.)
This type of wave technology is used in high-energy form to treat kidney stones without making an incision. It is utilized in low-energy form to treat orthopedic conditions including painful tendons and ligaments without surgery. Recent studies demonstrate promising results at reducing fat and cellulite in the thighs, buttocks, arms and abdominal area.1, 2, 3
Much attention and research has been dedicated to determine why and how this technology has been so successful. Research studies have demonstrated that this type of wave application stimulates several biochemical responses.
There is an increase in growth factors (biochemical messengers) in the tissue that is treated with this type of targeted energy.4 These messengers stimulate the tissue to develop improved blood supply (circulation) to the treated area. This allows the tissue to repair and rejuvenate.5
The type of tissue that has been primarily studied and evaluated (tendons and ligaments) is made up of collagen. One component of cellulite known as septae (the connective tissue supporting the fat cells) is also made up of collagen.